A few weeks ago a very smart friend of mine sent me an email asking why we haven’t seen more PCIe SSDs by now. While you can make the argument for keeping SATA around as an interface with traditional hard drives, it ends up being a bottleneck when it comes to SSDs. The move to 6Gbps SATA should alleviate that bottleneck for a short period, but it is easy enough to put NAND in parallel that you could quickly saturate it as well. So why not a higher bandwidth interface like PCIe?

The primary reason appears to be cost. While PCIe can offer much more bandwidth than SATA, the amount of NAND you’d need to get there and the controllers necessary would be cost prohibitive. The unfortunate reality is that good SSDs launched at the worst possible time. The market would’ve been ripe in 2006 - 2007, but in the post recession period getting companies to spend even more money on PCs wasn’t very easy. A slower than expected SSD ramp put the brakes on a lot of development on exotic PCIe SSDs.

We have seen a turnaround however. At last year’s IDF Intel showed off a proof of concept PCIe SSD that could push 1 million IOPS. And with the consumer SSD market dominated by a few companies, the smaller players turned to building their own PCIe SSDs to go after the higher margin enterprise market. Enterprise customers had the budget and the desire to push even more bandwidth. Throw a handful of Indilinx controllers on a PCB, give it a good warranty and you had something you could sell to customers for over a thousand dollars.

OCZ was one of the most eager in this space. We first met their Z-Drive last year:

The PCIe x8 card was made up of four Indilinx barefoot controllers configured in RAID-0, delivering up to four times the performance of a single Indilinx SSD but on a single card. That single card would set you back anywhere between $900 - $3500 depending on capacity and configuration.

With the SSD controllers behind a LSI Logic RAID controller there was no way to get TRIM commands to the data. OCZ instead relied on idle garbage collection to keep Z-Drive owners happy. Even today the company is still working on bringing a TRIM driver to Z-Drive owners.

The Z-Drive apparently sold reasonably well. Well enough for OCZ to create a follow on drive: the Z-Drive R2. This card uses custom NAND cards that would allow users to upgrade their drive capacity down the line. The cards are SO-DIMMs populated with NAND, available only through OCZ. The new Z-Drive still carries the hefty price tag of the original.

Ryan Petersen, OCZ’s CEO, hopes to change that with a new PCIe SSD: the OCZ RevoDrive. Announced at Computex 2010, the RevoDrive uses SandForce controllers instead of the Indilinx controllers of the Z-Drives. The first incarnation uses two SandForce controllers in RAID-0 on a PCIe x4 card. As far as attacking price: how does $369 for 120GB sound? And it is of course bootable.

OCZ sent us the more expensive $699.99 240GB version but the sort of performance scaling we'll show here today should apply to the smaller, more affordable card as well. Below is a shot of our RevoDrive sample:

The genius isn’t in the product, but in how OCZ made it affordable. Looking at the RevoDrive you’ll see the two SandForce SF-1200 controllers that drive the NAND, but you’ll also see a Silicon Image RAID controller and a Pericom PI7C9X130 bridge chip.

The Silicon Image chip is a SiI3124 PCI-X to 4 port 3Gbps SATA controller. The controller supports up to four SATA devices, which means OCZ could make an even faster version of the RevoDrive with four SF-1200 controllers in RAID.

Astute readers will note that I said the Sil3124 chip is a PCI-X to SATA controller. The Pericom bridge converts PCI-X to a PCIe x4 interface which is what you see at the bottom of the card.

The Pericom PCI-X to PCIe Bridge

Why go from SATA to PCI-X then to PCIe? Cost. These Silicon Image PCI-X controllers are dirt cheap compared to native PCIe SATA controllers, and the Pericom bridge chip doesn’t add much either. Bottom line? OCZ is able to offer a single card at very little premium compared to a standalone drive. A standard OCZ Vertex 2 E 120GB (13% spare area instead of 22%) will set you back $349.99. A 120GB RevoDrive will sell for $369.99 ($389.99 MSRP), but deliver much higher performance thanks to you having two SF-1200 controllers in RAID on the card.

You’ll also notice that at $369.99 a 120GB RevoDrive is barely any more expensive than a single SF-1200 SSD, and it’s actually cheaper than two smaller capacity drives in RAID. If OCZ is actually able to deliver the RevoDrive at these prices then the market is going to have a brand new force to reckon with. Do you get a standard SATA SSD or pay a little more for a much faster PCIe SSD? I suspect that many will choose the latter, especially because unlike the Z-Drive the RevoDrive is stupidly fast in desktop workloads.

If you’re wondering how this is any different than a pair of SF-1200 based SSDs in RAID-0 using your motherboard’s RAID controller, it’s not. The OCZ RevoDrive will offer lower CPU utilization than an on-board software based RAID solution thanks to its Silicon Image RAID controller, but the advantage isn’t huge. The only reason you’d opt for this over a standard RAID setup is cost and to a lesser extent, simplicity.

What’s that Connector?

When I first published photos of the Revo a number of readers wondered what the little connector next to the Silicon Image RAID controller was. Those who guessed it was for expansion were right: it is.

Unfortunately that connector won’t be present on the final RevoDrive shipped for mass production. At some point we may see another version of the Revo with that connector. The idea is to be able to add a daughterboard with another pair of SF-1200 controllers and NAND to increase capacity and performance of the Revo down the line. Remember that Silicon Image controller has four native SATA ports stemming off of it, only two are currently in use.

Installation and Early Issues
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  • cgaspar - Monday, June 28, 2010 - link

    If you re-flash the card with SIL3124 non-RAID BIOS, it should look just like 2 SSDs, and TRIM should work.
  • oshato - Monday, June 28, 2010 - link

    I too would like to see the pass through configuration ( non-raided ) tested for TRIM support and db IOPS #s. Curious how feasible this would be for a zfs ZIL in pass through mode.
  • marraco - Monday, June 28, 2010 - link

    I'm worried about video performance in single and dual setups with this SSD working.
  • marraco - Monday, June 28, 2010 - link

    What about boot time?
    the RAID controller should increase the POST time, and that frequently destroys the boot advantage of SSD under RAID.
  • javaman3 - Tuesday, June 29, 2010 - link

    Does anyone know if this card will work in OSX? I would like to know specifically if it will run in an Xserve.
  • clarkn0va - Tuesday, June 29, 2010 - link

    I think there's another, if less common need for this: places where you lack drive bays or SATA ports. Some examples:

    -SFF servers, most of which accommodate only 1 3.5" drive or 2 2.5" drives. Would be nice to have a little 1U Atom board running a small NAS/application server and cram a little more storage in. I have a mini-ITX server doing nfs, torrents, voip, monitoring, etc and would love to move it to a small rack, but until now couldn't justify the loss of drive space. With the OS and applications running on a RevoDrive, bulk data can live on a pair of 2.5" drives and we're all good.

    -Enterprise servers. I'm shopping out a terminal server at work and the cost of purchasing drives with your new server is laughable. The highest-end SLC drives from Intel and OCZ cost less than the OEM-branded grab-bag the server vendors are offering. I would much rather put my own drives in there, thanks, and cruising ebay for compatible drive caddies just feels wrong. pcie slots, on the other hand, come with the server without paying some stupid OEM storage premium.

    Now the questions.

    1. The article says you configure your own RAID-0. Will the utility also let me configure it as RAID-1 if I want?

    2. Anybody know what it's like to try to boot Linux from one of these devices?
  • cosplay - Thursday, July 8, 2010 - link

    Nice reading, thanks for another SSD review.

    btw, on Installation and Early Issues you have a typo:

    I headed into the Silicon Image BIOS, asked to recreate the array, specified the entire 233GB
  • clarkn0va - Friday, July 9, 2010 - link

    What are the lengths of these 2 cards? I'd really like to put one in a case that only takes half-length cards.
  • LightningCrashTSI - Wednesday, July 14, 2010 - link

    FTA:"The OCZ RevoDrive will offer lower CPU utilization than an on-board software based RAID solution thanks to its Silicon Image RAID controller,"

    The Silicon Image RAID controller is a software-based RAID controller as well.
  • Conradical314 - Thursday, August 12, 2010 - link

    The important question is, which Firefly episode?

    Was at first very disappointed to hear about this drive, but thanks to your review I see it would only have made a small effect on actual usage, so I don't need to regret recently getting OCZ Vertex II 120GB too much.

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